Painter, Nell Irvin. Standing at Armageddon: The United States, 1877-1919. New York. 1987. Norton. 1st Printing. 0393024059. 402 pages. hardcover. Jacket design by Karl Steinbrenner. 


This provocative interpretive history focuses on the disputes that consumed Americans as they traded the anxieties and challenges of a mostly rural, agrarian society for those of an industrial culture. These years of dynamic growth and technological progress were punctuated by crises that genera ted unemployment, strikes, and violence, bankrupted businesses, swallowed up profits, and injected class conflict into politics and reform. Primarily a work of narrative political history, this book also devotes a great deal of attention to labor history in the belief that the demand for reform that dominated political debate sprang from the organized ranks of working people whose frustrations and anger inspired fear in the middle and upper classes. At the turn of the twentieth century, this apprehension produced both the reforms that softened the injuries of class and the rationalization of production that increased employers’ control over workers. While the most sensational clashes occurred between economic classes, conflicts Concerning the appropriate rights of minorities, women, and neighboring countries also figure in STANDING AT ARMAGEDDON.


Painter Nell IrvinNell Irvin Painter (born Nell Irvin, 1942) is an American historian notable for her works on southern history of the nineteenth century. She is retired from Princeton University, and served as president of the Organization of American Historians. She also served as president of the Southern Historical Association. She was born Nell Irvin to Dona and Frank E. Irvin, Sr. She had an older brother Frank who died young. Her family moved from Houston, Texas, to Oakland, California when she was ten weeks old. This was part of the second wave of the Great Migration of millions of African Americans from the Deep South to urban centers. Some of their relatives had been in California since the 1920s. The Irvins went to California in the 1940s with the pull of increasing jobs in the defense industry. Nell attended the Oakland Public Schools. Her mother Dona Irvin held a degree from Houston College for Negroes (1937), and later taught in the public schools of Oakland. Her father had to drop out of college in 1937 during the Great Depression; he eventually trained for work as a laboratory technician. He worked for years at the University of California at Berkeley, where he trained many students in lab techniques. Painter earned her B.A. - Anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley in 1964. During her undergraduate years, she studied French medieval history at the University of Bordeaux, France, 1962–63. She also studied abroad at the Institute of African Studies at the University of Ghana, 1965–66. In 1967, she completed an M.A. at the University of California at Los Angeles. In 1974, she earned an M.A. and Ph.D. at Harvard University. She returned to study and earned a B.F.A. at Rutgers University in 2009. Painter has received honorary degrees from Dartmouth College, Wesleyan University, and Yale University, among other institutions.





Copyright © 2022 Zenosbooks. All Rights Reserved.
Joomla! is Free Software released under the GNU General Public License.